A History of Women in The Workplace

A History of Women in The Workplace

Women throughout history have battled social stigma and prejudice to demand a place for themselves on the working platform. This battle for equality and freedom has been far from an easy journey - it has been centuries in the making. Any equality that we are now beginning to see is a direct result of the sacrifices made by countless female heroines throughout history.

Historic records demonstrate that for as long as human memory has been recorded, there have been seemingly impenetrable barriers preventing women from rising to the same heights as men in a variety of different areas, especially the workplace.

Throughout this article, we will review the history of women in the workplace and the events that are needed to occur in order to help begin the process of breaking down the barriers that have stood immovable for such a long period of time.

Stepping back in time to more ancient civilisations, women were idolised due to perceptions of virtue and beauty. Rarely, however, (with the exception of leaders such as Cleopatra and Boudica), were women ever entrusted with positions of power. Society dictated that women were designed to bear children and act as romantic muses for men. 

Things didn't really begin to change for women until the time of the Enlightenment beginning ca 1650. The enlightenment represented a time where everything that had previously been taken for granted was called into question. Seeds began to be planted that perhaps women were much more competent than had previously been considered. That it was a lack of education rather than a lack of intelligence that had created this divide in abilities between the sexes.

In the 1800s a woman's greatest achievement would be to marry and bear children. If they needed the money, women could work, but as a majority, they would be household roles such as servants, housekeepers, teaching or nursing.

In the late 1800s, women started to demand change (finally.) They began to recognise they were entitled to the same rights and liberties as men, and they began to challenge the status quo. After many protests, sacrifices, and the unrelenting nature of the suffragettes, women were given the vote on the 21st of November 1918. After this change the ball started to roll, universities began to open their doors to women which led to increased opportunity in the workspace.

Change was beginning, but there remained a LOT of work to be done. 

Although opportunity was now much greater, it was still highly unusual for women to work, and those that did manage to get qualified found it very difficult to get hired in the male-dominated working world.

Fast forward to the 1940s the war changed everything. All able-bodied men between the ages of 18-40 were called away to war, and the gap in the workforce was filled by women! It was discovered that women were able to accomplish the same roles as men just as efficiently and successfully, and whilst they were still getting paid less for doing the same roles, these women were happy to have this unprecedented freedom.

However, come 1949, the men returned and women were mostly forced to go back to home life.

Something needed to change. We clearly hadn't learned our lesson after the war about the capability of women. The 50s came and went, and whilst women were working, they were limited to what was considered feminine roles, such as secretaries, teachers, and shop assistants. Once they married, they were expected to quit and prioritise looking after their husbands and children.

In the 60s and 70s there was a movement of liberty and freedom, and women once again began to fight for their rights!

Slowly slowly slowly women have been given access to increasing rights and opportunities in the working world, however, our fight for equality is far from over. Whilst we have come along leaps and bounds over the last few years and the gap is much smaller, there is undoubtedly still a gap.

Even now:

  • Only 17.3% of FTSE 100 directorships are women, and 13.2% of FTSE 250
  • Men hold 62% of manager positions to women's 38%
  • Women are much more likely to see gender as an obstacle to advancement
  • Women are twice as likely to be mistaken for much more junior employees and more likely to deal with discrimination

We have come an extremely long way, especially drastically in the last 50 years or so. However, as we can see above we certainly still have a long way to go. But the wheels are turning, and more and more people are getting on board with the importance of equality and individual rights for all.


Written by Leah Moy 

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